C-47 "Skytrain"

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C-47 Skytrain

Few aircraft are well known as the C-47, or “Gooney Bird” as it was nicknamed. The aircraft was adapted from the Douglas DC-3 commercial airliner that first flew in December of 1935. The first C-47s were ordered in 1940 and by the end of World War II, the United States had procured 9,348 for the U.S. Army Air Forces use. They carried personnel and cargo, and in a combat role, towed troop-carrying gliders and dropped paratroops into enemy territory. After the war, many C-47s remained in the Air Force service, participating in the 1948 Berlin Airlift and other peacetime activities. During the 1950-1953 Korean Conflict, C-47s hauled supplies, dropped paratroopers, evacuated wounded, conducted Air Rescue and dropped flares for night bombing attacks. Again during the 1966-1973 Vietnam Conflict the C-47 served as a transport, but was also used in a variety of other missions including flying night ground attack (Gunship), electronic reconnaissance, and psychological warfare missions. The Soviet Union built 2,000 of the C-47 design under license and were titled Li-2. The final USAF C-47 modified model was the C-117D; it was retired from active service in July of 1976.


Manufacturer: Douglas
Wing Span: 95 ft
Length: 64 ft 5 in
Height: 16 ft 11 in
Empty Weight: 16,970 lbs
Gross Weight: 29,000 lbs
Quantity Produced: 10,926
Speed: 230 mph
Range: 2,125 miles
Altitude: 10,000 ft
Power Plant: Pratt & Whitney R-1830-90D, 1,200 HP
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